What plants can I sow or plant in Spring?

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What plants can I sow or plant in Spring?

Some plants need a longer growing season than others, and therefore need to be sown in early spring. You can opt for tiny seedlings, plug plants or the most common way, which is ready-grown pots, trays and tear-away packs, which can be bought at your local garden centre.

What can be sown now?

Most seeds will need to be grown indoors or in the greenhouse to protect them from any surprise frosts. These include flowers such as Asters and Dahlias, and fruit and vegetables such as tomato seeds, cucumbers, brussels sprouts, aubergines, celery, chilli peppers and sweet peppers.

Young plants for your containers and hanging baskets, including Lobelia, Busy Lizzies, Geraniums and Petunias can be potted up so that once the warm weather arrives, you already have healthy, mature plants ready to brighten your garden.

Plus Sweet Peas, Cornflowers, broccoli, beetroot, carrot seeds, broad beans, peas, leeks, parsnips, radish, spinach and turnips can all be directly sown outdoors if the March/April weather is mild enough, whilst early potatoes, asparagus crowns, onion and garlic sets, shallots and Jerusalem artichokes can all be planted.

Raising plants to transplant outdoors

If you are concerned about planting directly outdoors, you can get a head start on the season by sowing seeds indoors in a greenhouse. Remember though, these seedlings will also need decent light as well as warmth to grow.

You can sow a variety of fruit and vegetables in trays and modules, which can then be transplanted into the garden at a later date:

  • Spring onions
  • Early and summer cabbage
  • Lettuce
  • Tomatoes
  • Brussel sprouts
  • Early cauliflower

When planting outdoors, what should I look out for?

Different plants, fruit and vegetables have varying needs; hardy vegetables can be planted directly outside if the soil is workable but you will still need to keep an eye on them.

When it comes to asparagus, you will need to plant the crowns 30cm away from each other, 15-20 cm deep. In order for them to thrive, they will need weed-free, well-drained, slightly alkaline soil. They dislike cold, wet weather and are highly susceptible to slugs.

Calabrese broccoli will be able to be harvested between June and October and likes a sheltered growing space with nitrogen-rich soil. It can be scuppered by snails, slugs and white fly (you might need to deter pests with netting).

If you are relatively new to growing and are unsure of your local growing conditions, soil and weather, why not seek out other vegetable growers in your area to ask for their tips and suggestions?

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